The strengths and weaknesses of Ethereum according to Vitalik Buterin

The co-founder and intellectual leader of Ethereum, Vitalik Buterin, recently shared his thoughts on the strengths and weaknesses of the blockchain during the EthCC (Ethereum Community Conference) held in Bruxelles

Addressing a packed room, Buterin offered an honest assessment of the current state of the platform, outlining both the challenges and opportunities that await Ethereum.

The strengths of Ethereum according to Vitalik Buterin

Buterin began his speech by highlighting the numerous strengths that have contributed to the success of Ethereum. One of the key aspects he pointed out is Ethereum’s ability to support complex smart contracts, which have enabled the creation of a vast ecosystem of decentralized applications (dApp). These applications range from decentralized financial services (DeFi) to non-fungible tokens (NFT), demonstrating the versatility and breadth of the Ethereum blockchain.

Furthermore, Buterin spoke about the robust development of the Ethereum community. The platform is supported by a global community of developers, researchers, and enthusiasts who constantly contribute to the improvement and security of the network. This community not only develops new technologies and applications, but is also engaged in the governance of the network, ensuring that Ethereum remains a decentralized and democratic platform.

Another strength cited by Buterin is the transition to Ethereum 2.0, which represents a crucial shift from proof-of-work (PoW) to proof-of-stake (PoS). This change will not only significantly reduce the network’s energy consumption but also increase the scalability and security of the platform, making Ethereum more sustainable and capable of handling a larger number of transactions.

The weaknesses of Ethereum and the solutions

Despite the numerous successes, Buterin has openly acknowledged the current weaknesses of Ethereum. One of the main problems is scalability. The Ethereum network has struggled to handle a high volume of transactions, resulting in high fees and long confirmation times. This problem has become particularly evident during periods of high demand, such as the bull of DeFi and NFTs.

Buterin also spoke about the challenges related to security. Despite the ongoing efforts to improve the security of the network, Ethereum remains vulnerable to various types of attacks, including smart contract exploits and network-level attacks. The complexity of the platform and the wide attack surface require constant vigilance and continuous innovations to maintain the security of the network.

Another area of weakness concerns usability. Buterin emphasized that, despite significant progress, the user experience on Ethereum remains complicated for non-experts. The setup of wallet, the management of private keys, and the interaction with dApps can be discouraging for new users, limiting the mainstream adoption of the technology.

Buterin concluded his speech by outlining strategies to “strengthen” Ethereum and overcome its weaknesses. The solution to scalability, he explained, lies in technologies such as shards and rollups. Shards will allow Ethereum to divide the workload among different parallel chains, significantly increasing the network’s capacity. Rollups, on the other hand, aggregate many transactions into a single one, reducing the amount of data that needs to be processed by the main network.

Regarding security, Buterin emphasized the importance of continuous research and collaboration with security experts to develop new protection mechanisms. He also highlighted the importance of bug bounty programs and security audits to identify and fix vulnerabilities before they can be exploited.

To improve usability, Buterin has proposed a series of initiatives aimed at simplifying the user experience. These include the development of more intuitive interfaces, user education, and the implementation of safer and easier-to-use custody solutions.


The intervention of Vitalik Buterin at EthCC provided a clear and honest view of the current state of Ethereum, highlighting both its strengths and weaknesses. His reflection was a call to action for the Ethereum community, encouraging developers and users to collaborate to overcome challenges and continue to innovate. With the right strategies and a collective commitment, Ethereum is well positioned to strengthen its position as a leader in the world of blockchains and smart contracts.